Understand What The Principle Of Least Privilege Means
The meaning of this principle is that the data that is accessible by a company is limited by the identity of some few individuals that have been authorized by the company. This means that any individual that is not recognized by identity to access the data of a particular organization or company is not able because the data can only be accessed upon the verification that the identity of the person is acceptable by the system. It is for this reason that some risks which necessitate companies to use the principle of the least privilege have risen. We are therefore going to expound further on some of the risks that a company is exposed in the use of the principle of least privilege.
Dormant identities is one major risk that is associated with the principle of least privilege. Dormant identities means that individuals that have been given the privilege to access very classified information about the company have not been active for a very long time and thus they are log in details become inactive. An individual may be so caught up in their day to day activities of the company and may forget about such privileges and it may not be their problem since they just preoccupied with other equally important activities of the organization. This is very dangerous, although it is not the fault of the individual, because people who do not wish good for the organization or company may take advantage of these dormant identities and gain their access to the company system and extract important information and data which the company may not want to be leaked. This kind of risk places a company in a very awkward situation since the data can easily be leaked to third parties who are not authorized to access such information.
Privilege escalation is another risk that is associated with the principle of least privilege. There are two ways in which an individual can view privilege escalation and one of the ways is horizontal privilege escalation and the other is vertical privilege escalation. Horizontal privilege escalation is a situation where an individual who has an account with less activity and functions manages to reach an account of another person who has more ability and functions. On the other hand vertical privilege escalation is more dangerous and it occurs in a situation where an individual who is of a lower rank in an organization manages to access an account of a person who is higher in rank let’s say an administrator and uses the privileges to their own advantage. This risk is very dangerous and a company needs to always keep it in check.